Text Size: A-A+. Ten days later, Paty was killed, allegedly by a Russian-born teenager of Chechen heritage, sending an electric shock into France’s long debate about secularism, or laïcité. He warns that the Nato alliance may become brain dead since Turkey, a fellow member, is ambivalent about the defence of western values. Samuel PATY fut la victime de la conspiration funeste de la bêtise, du mensonge, de l'amalgame, de la haine de l'autre, de la haine de ce que profondément, existentiellement, nous sommes. But he appears to have done the opposite, ringing the Russian president, Vladimir Putin, with the Chechen origins of Paty’s alleged assailant in mind, to urge him to redouble Russia’s efforts to cooperate on terrorism. Domestically, he faces the first round of the French presidential elections in April 2022, and his challenge will come from the security-minded right, either the centre-right Les Républicains or the far-right Marine Le Pen, with whom he is neck and neck in the polls. Discours du Président Emmanuel Macron le 21 octobre 2020 à la Sorbonne en hommage à Samuel Paty Mesdames, Messieurs, Ce soir je n'aurai pas de mots pour évoquer la lutte contre l'islamisme politique, radical, qui mène jusqu'au terrorisme. After all, he wasn’t the Islamists’ main target, he was simply teaching. Text settings. Many Europeans worry about Macron’s somewhat Gaullist, or France-first, approach. But to diminish his conflict with extremism into a narrow calculation of personal political advantage is to misunderstand his intellectual journey on secularism in office, and the way in which the issue is central to his foreign policy outlook including his attitude to Turkey, Russia, Nato and the Middle East. They divide the faithful and the unbelievers. “I’d like my life and death to be of some use,” he once said. The Turkish lira is at a new low, and there are only so many fronts on which an autocratic leader can fight. In the Mediterranean, he equates Greek interests with those of Europe, leaving Germany to mediate. His calculation will be that so long as he makes the final round, the left as before has nowhere else to go. This evening I won’t speak about the fight against political, radical Islamism, which leads to terrorism. Here in France, we love the project, both earthly and universal, promoted by the Republic, its order and its promises. France’s schoolteachers primary and secondary school teachers will teach history – both its glories and its vicissitudes. And throughout their lives, the hundreds of young people you educated will practise the critical thinking they learned from you. I won’t talk about those who have made us associate his name with barbarians; they don’t deserve it. Samuel Paty, a 47-year-old teacher, was attacked on Friday on his way home from the junior high school where he taught in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, 40 kilometres (25 miles) northwest of Paris. By raising the stakes, and keeping them high, Macron is also trying to make others recognise they cannot stay neutral. Perhaps if Macron had nurtured ties with France’s eastern European Nato allies and EU members, he would have gained more early support for his stance against Turkey and more trust for his Russia diplomacy.”. In an address of around 15 minutes, Macron described Paty as "a quiet hero" and stated that "we will not give up cartoons". Samuel Paty was the victim of a fatal conspiracy of folly, lies, conflation, hatred of the other, hatred of what we are deep down, existentially. Over the next few days, relations between France and the Muslim world grew increasingly fraught. On Friday, Samuel Paty became the face of the Republic, of our determination to disrupt terrorists, to curtail Islamists, to live as a community of free citizens in our country; he became the face of our determination to understand, to learn, to continue to teach, to be free, because we will continue to … Samuel Paty, the French teacher beheaded after giving students freedom-of-speech lessons, was honored with the nation's highest honor by President Emmanuel Macron. Being tough on Islamist separatism, and paying a price globally, hardly wounds him with waverers on the right. He believed in knowledge. All rights reserved - Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs - 2020, National tribute to the memory of Samuel Paty – Speech by Emmanuel Macron, President of the Republic, at the Sorbonne (21 Oct. 20), Directory and Addresses of the Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs, Discover the Ministry (history, virtual tour, etc. In early October, a matter of days before Paty's murder, French President Emmanuel Macron said: "There is in this radical Islamism, a methodical organization to contravene the laws of … They cultivate hatred of the other. Samuel Paty basically embodied the teacher Jaurès dreamed of in the letter to teachers, which has just been read out: “firmness combined with tenderness”. A protest in Istanbul on Sunday, the day after the Turkish president, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, described Macron as mentally ill. In Syria, Macron objects to the Turkish attacks on the Kurdish YPG militia, France’s allies in the war against Isis. He wasn’t an enemy of the religion they exploit: he had read the Koran, he respected his students whatever their beliefs and was interested in Muslim civilization. A complex speech such as this does not take long to be distorted and become a source of grievance abroad, especially in Turkey, since as many as half of the imams in France are Turkish. The French president, Emmanuel Macron, responded by saying France would not “renounce the caricatures”. And though this task today may seem titanic, especially where violence, intimidation and sometimes resignation take over, it’s more essential, more relevant than ever. They no longer even have names. Nous défendrons la liberté … A photograph of Paty’s severed head, taken on a mobile phone by his killer Abdullakh Anzorov, was posted on the website of the Pakistani Islamist group Tehreek-e-Labbaik. I’ve given the evil a name. The call in some accounts took the form of a lecture, and in others an appeal to cooperate more closely in a common cause. One of those humble people who questioned themselves a thousand times, as he did with the freedom of expression and freedom of conscience course he had been preparing in Moulins since July, at your side, and the doubts he shared because of his high standards and thoughtfulness. Consider the aftermath of the Oct. 15 beheading of Samuel Paty near Paris. Bruno Tertrais at the French Foundation for Strategic Research argues: “France itself does not always consult its allies or seek their support before taking diplomatic initiatives. Like you, we will cultivate tolerance. We will provide all the opportunities that the Republic owes all its young people, without any discrimination. Macron has long sought a reset with Moscow by joining forces against terrorism. Links in a never-ending chain, they will increase understanding of our nation, our values and our Europe. After studying history in Lyon and thinking of becoming a researcher, he took the path you, his parents – a primary school teacher and a headteacher in Moulins – mapped out, becoming an “educational researcher” as he liked to define himself, becoming a teacher. Samuel PATY fut la victime de la conspiration funeste de la bêtise, du mensonge, de l’amalgame, de la haine de l’autre, de la haine de ce que profondément, existentiellement, nous sommes. We’ve decided what action to take, we’ve made it tougher and will complete it. No. (2) schools catering for pupils aged between 15 and 18 years (approx.) There were also balancing passages about the state as guarantor of the freedom of religion, economic disenfranchisement, and the French colonial legacy. On Friday, Samuel Paty became the face of the Republic, of our determination to disrupt terrorists, to curtail Islamists, to live as a community of free citizens in our country; he became the face of our determination to understand, to learn, to continue to teach, to be free, because we will continue to do so, sir. But more importantly, Turkey is already in a number of disputes with France. Samuel Paty was killed because Islamists want our future and because they know that with quiet heroes like him, they will never have it. This evening I won’t talk about the string of terrorists, their accomplices and all the cowards who committed this attack and made it possible. Comments Share. What was intended as a classroom exploration of the freedom of thought has turned into a mini-clash of civilisations. (3) laïcité goes beyond the concept of secularism, embracing the strict neutrality of the State. It contained a number of proposals to regulate imams and mosques. Samuel Paty was one of them, one of those teachers you don’t forget, one of those passionate people able to spend nights learning the history of religions so he could better understand his students and their beliefs. ), MAEDI 21 - Global diplomacy for the 21st century, Future Leaders Invitation Programme (PIPA), Security, Disarmament and Non-proliferation, Coronavirus - Advice for Foreign Nationals in France, France and the institutions protecting and promoting human rights, Enforced disappearance, torture and arbitrary detention, Forced marriage: you are protected by law, Nice Terrorist Attack - Jean-Yves Le Drian’s remarks at the National Assembly (29 Oct. 20), Demonstrations and Calls for the Boycotting of French Products (25 Oct. 2020), Fight against racism, anti-Semitism and xenophobia. Because he embodied the Republic which comes alive every day in classrooms, the freedom that is conveyed and perpetuated in schools. Macron and his government were accused of Islamophobia. In Libya, his initial objection to Islamist influence in Tripoli’s Government of National Accord has morphed into a conflict with Turkey after Ankara sprang to the GNA’s aid. We all have firmly lodged in our hearts, our memories, a teacher who changed the course of our lives. We will learn humour, distance. Samuel Paty only knew citizens, whereas they thrive on ignorance. Long live the Republic, long live France. EMMANUEL Macron has vowed that "Islamists will never take our future" after he stood beside the coffin of a teacher slain by a jihadi. “We will continue the fight for freedom of which Samuel Paty is the face,” Macron said in paying homage to the teacher who was beheaded for having … French President Emmanuel Macron, in a more than two-hour-long, wide-ranging interview on Friday with the online media outlet Brut, rejected accusations his … His net disapproval rating as president is -24%. Why? And we want to teach it to all our children. It barely did so in Libya and didn’t do so at all with regard to its Russia reset. (1) schools catering for pupils aged between 11 and 15 years (approx.) I’ve said what I had to say. Il explique avoir l'intention de filmer le professeur qui devait s'excuser pour la présentation de ces caricatures, "de l'humilier et le frapper". He was in turn shot dead by police. His finest presents were books to learn from. This evening I won’t say any more about the vital unity all French people feel, which is invaluable and requires all leaders to express themselves appropriately and act rigorously. We will remember that our freedoms will endure only if we end hatred and violence, only if we respect others. Inside and outside school, the pressures, the abuse of ignorance and obedience which some would like to establish have no place in our country. In the passage has proved most provocative in Turkey, he said: “Islam is a religion that is experiencing a crisis across the world,” in reference to Islamic State jihadism and also Wahhabism, the Saudi extremist ideology, and Salafism. Brigitte Macron said in the letter that she and her husband were in awe of the dignity shown by Samuel Paty ’s family after his murder. We will continue, sir. So what better place than the Sorbonne, our place of universal learning for over eight centuries, the place of humanism, for the nation to pay him this tribute. Emmanuel Macron, président de la République française. Either way this is not a fight Macron is likely to abandon. No, on the contrary, that’s precisely why Samuel Paty was killed. You know, that primary school teacher who taught us to read, add up and have confidence in ourselves. Les deux mineurs décrivent alors Samuel Paty au terroriste. He always wanted to give them a human face, discover the richness of otherness. They in turn will nurture love for the Republic. The murderer, a Chechen refugee, ... Macron responded to Paty’s murder by focusing on the murderer’s motivation and promising not to sacrifice free expression out of fear. And they will educate young citizens. France urges end to boycott of French goods as Macron defends Muhammad cartoons. On 6 October, when Samuel Paty, a popular history and geography teacher at a school in a quiet Paris suburb, presented a copy of the cartoons of the prophet Muhammad that provoked the attack on Charlie Hebdo magazine five years ago, he self-evidently had no idea of the tragic consequence for his own life, French society or France’s relations with the Islamic world. It would be easy to think that Macron, facing record Covid infections, might look at his in-tray and back off. En trois ans, Emmanuel Macron est passé de la négation relative de l’existence d’une culture française à la défense de notre civilisation, prononçant à l’occasion de l’hommage national à Samuel Paty l’un de ses plus beaux et émouvants discours, que nous reproduisons intégralement ci-dessous. Samuel Paty was one of them and his murder wasn’t an isolated event. On Monday, he explicitly joined the call for a boycott of French goods, and claimed: “It becomes more and more difficult to be a Muslim and live an Islamic lifestyle in western countries.” This has a long way to run. This evening I want to talk to you about Samuel Paty. He loved relaying to his students and loved ones a passion for knowledge and the taste of freedom through books. Here in France, we love our nation, its geography, landscapes and history, its culture and metamorphoses, its spirit and heart. Islamic separatism, which Macron describes as a deviation of Islam, is “a conscious, theorised, politico-religious project, which is materialised by repeated discrepancies with the values of the republic, which often results in the creation of a counter-society and whose manifestations are the dropping out of school of children, the development of sports, cultural and communal practices which are the pretext for the teaching of principles which do not conform to the laws of the republic”. Discours d’Emmanuel Macron à la Sorbonne : "Samuel Paty est devenu vendredi le visage de la République" Le président de la République Emmanuel Macron a … French products are the subject of a boycott. Très ému, le président de République, après avoir remis la Légion d'honneur à titre posthume à Samuel Paty, dans un cercle intime, a dénoncé la "conspiration funeste" et "la haine de l'autre", … We will continue this fight for freedom and reason that you now personify because we owe it to you, because we owe it to ourselves, because in France, sir, the Enlightenment will never grow dim. With all our strength, we will enjoy debate, reasonable arguments, friendly persuasion. So why was Samuel killed? Lors de la cérémonie consacrée à Samuel Paty, dans la cour de la Sorbonne, mercredi 21 octobre, le président de la République, Emmanuel Macron, a prononcé un discours … “We don’t believe in political Islam that is not compatible with stability and peace in the world.”. As if it were a premonition. The government was reported to be preparing to dissolve a further fifty organizations connected with radical Islam. The French calculation is that Erdoğan will succumb to pressure. Like you, we will relentlessly seek to understand, and to gain an even better understanding of the things they’d like to take away from us. But Erdoğan will draw his own strength from the condemnations of Macron across the Arab world. We will continue, sir. Macron has vowed to crack down on radical Islamism in France after the country was shaken by the beheading of Samuel Paty on October 16. Samuel Paty was passionate about teaching and did it so well in several collèges (1) and lycées (2), right up to the collège in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine. Macron watches the coffin of slain teacher Samuel Paty being carried in the courtyard of the Sorbonne university during a national memorial event, … We will love science and its controversies. We will defend the freedom that you taught so well, and we will strongly proclaim the concept of laïcité [secularism] (3). Weeks after his death in Nice, three people were killed in an Islamist terrorist attack inside a catholic church. At a national memorial at the Sorbonne University in central Paris, Macron praised history teacher Samuel Paty as the “face of the Republic” who “believed in knowledge.” Paty, 47, was murdered on Friday by an 18-year-old of Chechen origin who had become radicalized. He who shows the greatness of thought teaches respect and shows what civilization is. So yes, in every school, in every collège, in every lycée, we’ll give teachers back the power to “make republicans,” restore their rightful position and authority. Macron after all had tackled the debate about Islamist extremism before Paty’s death in his speech on 2 October on secularism – an hour-long address in … President has become a hate figure in Islamic world over response to death of Samuel Paty, Last modified on Mon 26 Oct 2020 20.50 GMT. image captionMr Macron paid tribute to the teacher at a memorial in Paris French President Emmanuel Macron has paid tribute to "quiet hero" Samuel Paty… These disputes – over Syria, Libya, Nato, gas exploration in the eastern Mediterranean and Armenia – each have their own context and specifics, but they all stem from a French suspicion of Erdoğan’s ambitions to lead a revived Sunni Islam. This evening I want to talk about your colleague, your teacher who died because he chose to teach, murdered because he decided to teach his students how to become citizens; to teach duties so they could be fulfilled; to teach freedoms so they could be exercised. On Friday evening, at first I believed it to be a random act of madness, a senseless arbitrary act: another victim of gratuitous terrorism. We will help our students discover literature, music, all the works of the mind and soul. He more and more openly sides with Armenia. A few ... Samuel Paty, was decapitated in a Paris suburb on his way home from school. Discours d’Emmanuel Macron en hommage au « combat pour la liberté » de Samuel Paty "Nous continuerons, professeur. We’ll train them, we’ll esteem them as we should, we’ll support them, we’ll protect them as much as necessary. Macron after all had tackled the debate about Islamist extremism before Paty’s death in his speech on 2 October on secularism – an hour-long address in which he attempted to be nuanced on how to integrate Islam and French secularism. His apartment was a library. Peu avant 17h, des adolescents désignent Samuel Paty, qui sort du collège et Anzorov, se lance à … This evening I want to talk about your son, I want to talk about your brother, your uncle, the man you loved, your father. He who gave himself the task of “making republicans”. Perhaps some of them will also become teachers. We will not disavow the cartoons, the drawings, even if others recoil. Begin each day anew. The teacher who not only taught us a piece of knowledge but opened up a path for us through a book, through their attentiveness. Since then Macron has been described as mentally ill by the Turkish president, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan; his ambassador to Pakistan has been summoned to condemn incitement of Islamophobia; and from Sana’a to Riyadh he has become a one-man axis of evil. Le Train Bleu restaurant in Doha, “a quintessential Parisian dining experience” in Qatar, is for instance hurriedly re-sourcing its products. More than anything else, Samuel Paty loved books, knowledge. Emmanuel Macron gives a speech on secularism on 2 October, before the death of Samuel Paty, in which he said Islam was ‘experiencing a crisis across the world’. So Ferdinand Buisson’s words echo back: “To make a republican,” he wrote, “it is necessary to give every human being, no matter how young or meek, the idea that he must think on his own, that he must be faithful or obedient to no one, that it is up to him to seek truth and not receive it ready-made from a teacher, guide or leader of any sort.” “Making republicans” was what Samuel Paty fought for.