A 24-year-old man named Niser bin Muhammad Nasr Nawar was the suicide bomber, who carried out the attack with the aid of a relative.[who?] The chandelier is decorated with symbols representing the twelve tribes of Israel, the names of venerated rabbis of Tunisia, the names of the three Patriarchs and four Matriarchs, blessings in honor of Rabbi Meir Ba’al HaNess and Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai, on top of which there is a Star of David (Magen David) with the inscription Shaddai (the name of the Divinity). Elias Davidsson. Photo: Micha Bar-Am, Israel. [citation needed] He was arrested by a joint intelligence operation, in the frame of Alliance Base, which is located in Paris, and transferred to Fresnes Prison in Paris. The participants sing songs in praise of Rebbi Shem’un, including one with the line: “Ya Rebbi Shem’un, uktashh tjina ou tna’hi lgalut min aalina!” (Oh, Rabbi Shimon, when you will come to deliver us from the exile!). On Simchat Torah festival of 1985, one of the policeman charged with the security of the El Ghriba synagogue opened fire at the congregation causing the death of three persons, including a child. Only when the girl died in a fire that consumed her hut but not her body, did the Jews of Djerba understood that she was a saint and consequently decided to establish a synagogue on the location of her dwelling. Like some other synagogues in Djerba, the El Ghriba is located in the proximity of an ancient Jewish cemetery. Courtesy of Charles Hadad, France. The ensuing explosion resulted in the death of twenty one people, among them fourteen German tourists. According to one legend, the synagogue was erected in the first half of the 19th century on a place that previously was occupied by the cabin of a mysterious, strange (ghriba, in Arabic), modest, beautiful and solitary young girl that had never been accepted by the inhabitants of the island. Unlike all other synagogues of Djerba, the El Ghriba does not have a separate open-air praying hall, but two covered halls. Even today visitors to the synagogue are shown a stone incorporated into one of the arches of the synagogue and which is alleged to be the original stone brought from Jerusalem. La synagogue d'El-Ghriba à Djerba a bien été la cible d'un attentat antisémite. Online Tour of the Museum of the Jewish People, Tours for Christian and Interfaith Groups. surete aéroportuaire http://www.surete-aerienne.eu Site d'information et de sensibilisation du public au domaine de la Sûreté de l'Aviation Civile. In the evening the chandelier is introduced inside El Ghriba and candles are lit on all its five rows. [2] More than 30 others were wounded. The name “El Ghriba” means “the marvelous”, or “the strange”, in Arabic, and reflects the special status of the synagogue in the traditions of the Jews of Tunisia. [5][6] However, Saad's family denied he was involved in the attack. Le président tunisien, Moncef Marzouki, s'est rendu le 11 avril à Djerba pour commémorer le dixième anniversaire de l'attentat contre la synagogue de la Ghriba. Trois gardiens d'une prison du nord de la France ont été légèrement blessés au cours d'une agression commise par le terroriste allemand Christian Ganczarski, cerveau de l'attentat Each Thursday the women of Harah Sghira clean and prepare the synagogue for the Shabbat and lighten the oil lamps, including the three main lamps that hung in front of the Holy Ark. Judging from the current state of the building it was probably erected sometime in the second half of the 19th century replacing earlier structures. 212 J’aime. Il … The synagogue is mentioned in the early 16th century when it was destroyed during a Spanish military expedition to Djerba and reconstructed later in the same century. The procession includes visits to other praying houses in Harah Sghira. The legend has been attested in another variant according to which the girl was a Jewish refugee who had fled from the Land of Israel bringing with her a Torah scroll and a stone from the Temple of Jerusalem. During the last decades the Jewish community of Djerba shrank as many of its members emigrated to Israel, France, Canada, and other countries. Beit Hatfutsot, the Oster Visual Documentation Center. It has also been known as Dighet, a name which traditionally is explained of being a local Berber language variant of the Hebrew word delet, meaning “door”. Trois hommes sont jugés à partir d'aujourd'hui par la cour d'assises spéciale de Paris. Sixteen people were killed during an attack at the Ghriba synagogue in Djerba (Tunisia) on April 11, 2002. Rabbis at the entrance of El Ghriba synagogue, Tunisia, 1940’s. The fame of the El Ghriba synagogue of Djerba is based on numerous traditions and beliefs that emphasize its antiquity and importance among the local Jews as well as those of the former Jewish communities of Tunisia and neighboring Libya. Attentat Synagogue de Jerba (11/04/2002) Ganzoui Med ALI Lotfi Sgaier. On April 11, 2002, a natural gas truck fitted with explosives drove past security barriers at the ancient El Ghriba synagogue on the Tunisian island of Djerba. The chandelier is decorated with various cloths, scarves of bright colors, and veils which resemble a bride, hence its other name arusa (“the betrothed”). However, following later renovations and additions to the building, there are now more than twelve windows inside El Ghriba. The later additions are especially evident on the northern side of the building where they brought about changes to the original symmetric plan of the building. The El Ghriba synagogue was erected on the spot where she died of exhaustion on reaching the Island of Djerba. Elle est la plus connue d'un certain nombre de synagogues portant le même nom et situées en divers lieux d'Afrique du Nord : en Tunisie, en Algérie et en Libye. Also it is stated that the building should never be finished, as nothing is perfect except for the Divinity. Le gouvernement tunisien a admis que l'explosion de la camionnette pourrait être un acte terroriste. This room is connected to the main praying hall by three arches. The adjacent buildings served as accommodation for the pilgrims, the earlier one was erected at the end of the 19th century and it was followed by a second structure built in the early 1950’s. Localisation: Er Riadh, Djerba : Cible: Synagogue de la Ghriba: Coordonnées: 33° 48′ 50″ N 10° 51′ 33″ E / 33.813889, 10.859167 33° 48′ 50″ Nord 10° 51′ 33″ Est / 33.813889, 10.859167 Date: 11 avril 2002 9 h 35 : Type Like some other synagogues in Djerba, the El Ghriba is located in the proximity of an ancient Jewish cemetery. The Ghriba synagogue bombing was carried out by Niser bin Muhammad Nasr Nawar on the El Ghriba synagogue in Tunisia in 2002. The El Ghriba synagogue is managed by an independent administrative committee that was set up at the end of the 19th century, when Djerba was under French colonial rule. Attentat de la Ghriba du 11 avril 2002; Site de l’attentat le 8 janvier 2002. Bombing On April 11, 2002, a natural gas truck fitted with explosives drove past security barriers at the ancient Ils sont 45 et déjà 35 d’entre eux sont à l’intérieur du monument lorsqu’une camionnette explose à l’extérieur provoquant sur le coup la mort de 5 personnes et en blessant 32 autres. One is dedicated to Rabbi Meir Ba’al HaNess, the second to Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai, and the third one, called Sibiya, is dedicated to the el ghriba, the marvelous girl. Local Jews from all villages in Djerba as well as pilgrims from abroad mingle inside the synagogue; this is also the only occasion when there is no separation between men and women. En 2002, en Tunisie, l’attentat de Djerba a eu lieu. [citation needed], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}33°48′50″N 10°51′33″E / 33.81389°N 10.85917°E / 33.81389; 10.85917, Insurgency in the Maghreb and Sahel (2002–present), Official Procès-Verbal, July 20th, 2002 in Tunis, El Fadel El Malki, Central Directorate of the Judicial police, The Criminal Affairs Bureau, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/1923522.stm, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/tunisia/1390998/Synagogue-explosion-no-accident.html, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/2061071.stm, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7873543.stm, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/2161232.stm, http://www.aawsat.net/2009/12/article55252427, http://www.aawsat.net/2010/03/article55251341, Michel Moutot. Organizing the pilgrimage to El Ghriba, especially for Lag Ba’Omer (the 33rd day after Pesach) became the main concern of the committee. Al-Qaeda later claimed responsibility for the attack,[4] which was reportedly organized by Khalid Sheikh Mohammed and Saad bin Laden. The egg, having been left to boil at the warm of the candle for the duration of the festival, is then returned to the unmarried girl, who after eating it, would be sure to find a bridegroom soon. A niche below the Holy Ark indicates the place where the body of the mysterious girl was found and it is known as Magrath Sibiya (“the cave of the girl”). 10 years after the attack, thanks to freedom of expression and organization brought by the 2011 Tunisian revolution, a Djerbian citizens' initiative to break the silence was adopted by the Presidency of the Republic and concerned embassies to commemorate victims of this attack. [7][8], In March 2003, five people were arrested in Spain who were believed to have financed this attack. Please check at least one newsletter name, Registration has been failed, please try again later, These are the Names of the Children of Israel in Egypt, The Jews of Afghanistan: Family Names and Origins, Additional Databases by the Museum of the Jewish People, Live! The ancient El Ghriba Synagogue (Arabic: كنيس الغريبة ‎), also known as the Djerba Synagogue, is located on the Tunisian island of Djerba. [citation needed] In April 2003, a German man named Christian Ganczarski was arrested in Paris in connection with the bombing. Photo: Jan Parik. Surnommée La Ghriba ("l'étrange" en arabe), la synagogue de Djerba est située à 11 km au sud d'Houmt-Souk, la capitale de l'île. Lattentat de la Ghriba est un attentat-suicide, effectué par un kamikaze du groupe Al-Qaïda et survenu le 11 avril 2002 devant la synagogue de la Ghriba à Djerba (Tunisie). Local tradition sees it as a remembrance sign for the destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem. In the El Ghriba Synagogue, Djerba, Tunisia, 1995. The structure is crowned by the two tablets of the Law. Djerba a compté jusqu’à vingt synagogues pour une population de 4 500 habitants, soit environ une pour 100 fidèles, les femmes restant absentes des lieux de culte. Nizar peut avoir été un pigeon ou une victime. Ghriba signifie « étrange » en arabe et reflète le statut spécial de la synagogue dans les traditions juives de Tunisie. Il a fait 19 morts. L'attentat du Synagogue d'El GHRIBA qui a eu lieu contre la communauté Juif à Jerba en Tunisie le 11/04/2002 Flowers laid for those killed in the attack, On April 11, 2012, Tunisian President Moncef Marzouki, professor Horst-Wolfram Kerll (de), the Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany to Tunisia and Boris Boillon, Ambassador of the French Republic to Tunisia, marched silently in homage to the victims. The tradition has it that these refugees brought with them a door and a stone from the altar of the destructed Temple. Et c’est par la synagogue de la « Ghriba » que ces touristes commencent leur circuit. The remaining Jewish inhabitants of Djerba became targets of occasional hostile behavior by the local Muslim population. Beit Hatfutsot, the Oster Visual Documentation Center. A spokesman for Osama bin Laden's al-Qaeda network says the organisation was behind a suicide attack at a Tunisian synagogue in April, in which 19 … 14 Allemands, cinq Tunisiens et deux Français sont tués dans un attentat-suicide contre la synagogue de la Ghriba, sur l'île de Djerba, dans le Sud tunisien. El Ghriba caravanserai in Houmt Souk, Djerba, Tunisia, 1962. The tevah is located beneath the clerestory at the west end of the praying hall, immediately at the entrance from the first room There are two rows of columns inside the main praying hall dividing it into three aisles; however the last column to the east on the southern row is missing and probably has never been built. Il se trouvait à l’isolement depuis ce week-end. The El Ghriba synagogue is located in the formerly Jewish village of Harah Sghira, also known as Harah Srira (the “small village”, in Arabic) (currently called Er-Riadh) on the Island of Djerba (also spelled Jerba), Tunisia. Explosion accidentelle à la synagogue de Djerba Cinq personnes ont été tuées et 20 autres blessés. Beit Hatfutsot, the Oster Visual Documentation Center. The entire community of Harah Srira meets in El Ghriba on Shabbat, the synagogue being kept in high regard by all the Jews of Djerba. Attentat de la Ghriba à Djerba du 11 avril 2002 L’ attentat de la Ghriba est un attentat-suicide, effectué par un kamikaze du groupe Al-Qaïda et survenu le 11 avril 2002 devant la synagogue de la Ghriba à Djerba (Tunisie). Version 1.0. In Harah Srira alone there are five additional prayer houses, called yeshivot, however, the Torah scrolls have been kept exclusively in El Ghriba, following a decision taken by the local rabbis at the end of the 19th century in order to maintain the prominence of the El Ghriba synagogue. The festivities of the main annual pilgrimage take place during Lag Ba’Omer: they start on 14 Iyar, when Jews commemorate the death day of Rabbi Meir Ba’al HaNess and continue through 18 Iyar, the remembrance day of Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai, locally known as Rebbi Shem’un. TERRORISME Après l'explosion d'un camion piégé contre la synagogue de Djerba Les leçons d'un attentat PAR MEZRI HADDAD * [20 avril 2002] On le sait depuis Clausewitz si ce n'est depuis Machiavel, la désinformation et le mensonge sont les moyens intrinsèques et « naturels » du politique, particulièrement en temps de guerre. There are additional traditions that explain the importance and the sanctity of the El Ghriba synagogue. Christian Ganczarski, un Allemand converti à l’islam, a été condamné à dix-huit ans de réclusion criminelle pour complicité dans l’attentat contre la synagogue de Djerba, en Tunisie. Le camion-citerne a alors explosé. The large incomes from the pilgrimage and the rents from the lands and shops that belonged to the synagogue were spent on charity for the elderly Jewish inhabitants of Harah Srira as well as for sustaining the local regular synagogue goers and Torah scholars. [citation needed] Moncef Marzouki met with present victims' families and delivered a memorial speech where he strongly condemned this attack and expressed on behalf of the people of Tunisia and the Tunisian government a deep compassion for victims and their families. En Tunisie, l'île de Djerba est connue comme une grande destination touristique. The synagogue is mentioned in the early 16th century when it was destroyed during a Spanish military expedition to Djerba and reconstructed later in the same century. Following another local custom, women use to leave eggs with the name of a young unmarried girl inscribed on them on an arch that marks the place, where according to tradition the body of the marvelous girl (ghriba) was found. L’explosion a entrainé la mort de 21 personnes présentes dans la synagogue : 14 allemands, 5 tunisiens et 2 français ; et blessé près d’une trentaine de touristes. L'attentat avait fait 21 morts. On April 11, 2002, the El Ghriba synagogue was again targeted, this time by a suicide bomber who drove a gas truck to the proximity of the synagogue. Attentat de Djerba : un Allemand condamné à 18 ans de réclusion Article publié le 06/02/2009 Dernière mise à jour le 06/02/2009 à 18:37 TU Christian Ganczarski a été condamné le 5 février 2009 par la Cour spéciale de Paris à 18 ans de réclusion pour complicité dans un attentat-suicide contre une synagogue de Djerba, en Tunisie. Il a fait 19 morts. L’attentat contre la synagogue de la Ghriba à Djerba en 2002, une opération sous fausse bannière ? Photo: Raymonmd Lange, Belgium. Add your email and you will never miss out on family events, exhibition openings and deals on our shops! Selon la version officielle, Nizar Naouar (Nauar ou Nawar), originaire de Tunisie, a conduit un camion-citerne jusqu’à une synagogue. Originally there were twelve windows symbolizing, according to the local tradition, itself based on a Kabalistic instruction, the twelve tribes of Israel. Tunisie : la synagogue de la Ghriba, le trésor de Djerba. The El Ghriba synagogue of Djerba is the best known and famous of a number of synagogues with the same name located in other countries of North Africa, such as El Ghriba of Annaba, in eastern Algeria. Address: El Ghriba Er-Riadh (Harah Sghira) Djerba Tunisia. The seating benches are arranged around the tevah and by the walls. The El Ghriba has an inner courtyard surrounded by covered loggias build on arches and columns. The inner walls are covered with glazed tiles featuring blue, white, and brown decorative eight sided patterns, unlike the exterior walls that are painted in white. Attentat synagogue de djerba 17 avril 2002 à 18h40 Dernière réponse : 17 avril 2002 à 18h51 La Tunisie admet à demi-mots la piste terroriste dans l'explosion de Djerba Nizar, l'auteur présumé de l'attentat-suicide, était un Tunisien dont la famille est installée à Lyon. [citation needed] In February 2009, Ganczarski was sentenced to 18 years in prison for the bombing.[9]. L'attentat n'a pourtant pas été commis un samedi, jour de prière de la communauté juive de l'île dans la synagogue, mais un jeudi, quand les touristes visitent le monument historique.